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Educational Paradigms in Gilgit-Baltistan

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Evolution is an inevitable process. A society evolves consciously or subconsciously with the passage of time. However, the rate at which this evolution takes place has a direct relation to the kind of literature and quality of education that the people of the society are getting. The educational dynamics in Gilgit Baltistan are bringing a change in the society though with a frustrating pace. In the beginning, our education system comprised of primary and middle schools however, with the passage of time, these schools were upgraded to high and higher secondary schools. With an unrelenting quest for knowledge, people in 1970s started getting enrolled in universities from colleges which was, yet another milestone achieved by then. The revolution in education began when private schools started to emerge under the Jabir Bin Hayyan trust initiative. This paved a way for the influx of private organizations like AKES, APS System, READ foundation and many more. The private sector collectively contributes around 90% of the total infrastructure for education in the area. Besides, the government endeavors to sustain the education have been worth noting.

With all the good efforts that have been put in the sector of education we have succeeded somehow as we have increased the literacy rate from zero to a considerable level of 37.8% within half a decade. Although it is a great achievement however, to what extent have we been creating a real impact in the sense of critical thinking abilities of the students, has been a question yet to be answered. A standard classroom comprising of some students and a teacher has been the trademark of all the public and private institutions. Though we have delivered the content, following the national curriculum framework, but the essence of the education in terms of developing different personality aspects of our students like communication, collaboration, citizenship, imagination, critical thinking, creativity, and digital literacy skills have been left unchecked. The major practice in our institutes has been cramming, copying, and completing the books and the syllabus given for a specific period.

In line with our print-minded sensibilities, standardized testing is the blanket way to test for subject comprehension. What often happens is that students will learn to cram just to pass a test and teachers will be teaching with the sole purpose of students passing a test. Learning has been out of the equation. To minimize this specific issue, we can change the way we test the skills of the students. The annual and semester system of exams is an old practice now. Instead, we can resort to completing projects, developing integrations and analytical reasoning to test the students’ abilities at different grades.

The concept of the pupil-teacher relation needs responsibility-based checks rather than administrative and bureaucratic monitoring. As nation builders, the teachers in our system must be mindful of their responsibilities. The administrative checks after specific time periods can bring about no change otherwise. Accountability is something that is left when responsibility is subtracted.

We must introduce in our system of education, a sense of collaboration rather than competition. Putting the students in a meaningless race of grades will only discourage them at the end of the year when they fail to compete with other students in a specific subject. We should never worry about artificial or arbitrary merit-based systems. Instead, an environment of collaboration and collective development needs to be flourished in our institutes.

Also, the overall environment of our institutes is full of stress and pressure in the name of mannerism and discipline. We should encourage an environment with lesser stress and unneeded regimentation. Our main aim should be understanding sensibilities and perspectives. Comprehension of a lesson needs a lesson planning oriented more on student’s personality-centered-objectives rather than lesson-oriented-objectives which will pave paths towards leadership and authorship as compared to cramming on the other hand.

Education in Gilgit has evolved in the sense of adding to the literacy rate of the area, but it must transform its dynamics from traditional teaching to a more systematic way of pedagogy. Project-based-learning is the need of the hour. All we need is an environment of mutual understanding, collaboration, and collective development. Competition must be minimized to enhance the receptive and creative faculties of the students. Transformation has never been easy. It will take time; however, we will reap what we sow, and we should sow wisely.

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The Learning Deficit: Unmasking the Failings of Education and Overcoming the Obstacles.

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Spectacularly, the education system, which most of us will not be shocked to get to know, refers to the coordination of individuals — among teachers, — administrators, and students. Above all, it demands infrastructure — including safe facilities and transportation, to be functioning institutions and systematic processes.

Similarly, the system of education, radically, is linked to the transmission of knowledge, which allows the socialization of people.

In addition, I would go along the chasmic view that the education sector, prominently, is supposed to provide superior human resources to all areas of national life. It builds, — stabilizes, — and keeps the nation on the move, and among citizens, probably, enhances a sense of civility, patriotism, and super good understanding.

To get notched educational goals up, curriculum plays a vital role as a pillar does in the building.

But. Ruefully, for us, an effective system of education has always been a wish to be fulfilled. That is to say, we, for the good, have gotten ourselves stuck in a fallacious and tedious chain of the education system. Imagine, being attached to the —  syllabus — which — almost— erroneously brings us approximately two decades back. For sure, our syllabus is expired and we can’t even think of competing with the current epoch of education with the quality we have.

Likewise, Pakistan, more often than not, lacks the most identified tactics to adopt technologies in curriculum, but conversely, in foreign countries, strategies are made in such a way that curriculum changes with the updation of technologies. As aforementioned, in Western countries, the education system is student-oriented, enhancing superior qualities like critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and formulating new ideas, above all, having the concept “Study to Understand, not memorize” weighs students’ motivation.

But, on the other hand, in our country ” Teacher” holds the remote, He controls, His opinions are undeniable and we are merely supposed to memorize selected numbers and facts. Isn’t it too uncanny?

Although, to overcome these hindrances, I have jotted the potential solutions down here:

1. Curriculum amendment:
In this competitive market environment, curriculum amendment must be taken into account regularly, so that the need for updated courses can be ensured and the incorporation of modern teaching methodologies, problem-solving skills, and critical thinking, similarly, enhance the learning experience for students for the good.

2. Quality Improvement:
If it comes to quality of education, the most primitive and prominent factors like the availability of learning resources, such as technology, laboratory, and updated textbooks should be the priority of the government and there should be professional development opportunities for teachers so that services by them can be rendered in most effective and required way to retain the quality education in rapidly changing environment.

3. Community Engagement:
To overcome educational barriers, local communities, and civil society should be involved in contributing their relentless efforts, and gatherings like,
Awareness campaigns, and parent-teacher associations, can promote the value of education and create a supportive environment for learning as well.

4. Increased Investment:
Education improvement, no doubt, demands a high rate of investment, so the national budget, therefore, should be allocated in such a that it can minimize infrastructure deficiencies and improve the quality of learning resources.

5. Enhancing Access and Enrollment:
There should be a proper path to implement the strategic perceptive of learning and to promote easy access to education by getting infrastructure done, especially for remote areas, which is essential.

6. Public-private partnerships:
It is obvious that allocation of resources, identification of expertise, and adoption of innovative tactics, are only possible if there is an existence of collaboration between the public and private sectors. Moreover, public-private partnerships can assist bridge gaps in technical access, fundraising, and most identified programs.

The above-mentioned solutions demand a closer scrutiny, commitments, and long-term planning. By analyzing these key solutions, Pakistan can get rid of educational dilemmas and can easily get access to a high-quality education system that in turn, will prepare its citizens to survive in this dog-eat-dog epoch and to embrace challenges in the days to come.

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Chinese Language and its Significance in the Modern Era

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Chinese language

Charlemagne, Holy Roman emperor, said, “To have a second language is to have a second soul”. So, I’ll be speaking to you using language … because I can. This is one these magical abilities that we humans have. We can transmit really complicated thoughts to one another.

Now of course, there isn’t just one language in the world, there are about seven thousand languages spoken around the world. And all the languages differ from one another in all kinds of ways. Some languages have different sounds, they have different vocabularies, and they also have different structures.

Over 7000 languages are spoken across the world today. Chinese, the language with the most native speakers, has 13 variations, whilst similarly; this reflecting the importance and the wide range of countries and cultures it is spoken. Chinese stands out as the most spoken language in the world with over an estimated more than 1.3 billion people in China and various other parts of the world speaking it. One can easily assume this makes Chinese one of the most important languages on the planet. China as a country is growing by leaps and bounds as a world greatest economic and military power.

Recent studies have shown that Chinese has become a popular choice for a second language among college students. Surpassing the previous favorite that includes Spanish, French, and German languages. This increasing popularity isn’t surprising since the growing appeal of Chinese culture in the west and worldwide.

Governments in the US and the UK are increasingly recognizing the importance of offering Chinese language classes in the school systems. One 2008 poll of employers in the UK, done by the Confederation of British Industry, discovered that 38% of employers answering the poll wanted to hire people who spoke either Mandarin or Cantonese. (The two were lumped together in the survey.) French speakers and German speakers ranked higher, at 52% and 43% respectively. Spanish was desired by 28% of employers.

The UK Schools Secretary said, in part as a result of this survey, that he would like every teenager to have a chance to learn Mandarin. He would also like to see Japanese, Arabic, Portuguese, and Indonesian offered more widely than they are at present. One secondary school in seven in the UK is already teaching Mandarin.

Now, more and more non-Asian parents see learning Chinese as a useful tool for their children, one that will help them compete for top jobs. The US government also sees the benefits of a good pool of Chinese speakers. Some of the school districts in the internationally-minded suburbs of Washington, DC, have offered Mandarin for decades.

Countries with a Chinese speaking population or Chinese as a widely spoken language

  • Chinese Speaking Countries in Asia
  • China Hong Kong Macau
  • Tibet (Tibet Autonomous Region within PR China)
  • Singapore
  • Taiwan (Republic of China)

Countries with a significant number of Chinese speaking populations (more than 5 million)

  • Indonesia (Java and Bali)
  • Malaysia (Peninsular)
  • Thailand

Mandarin is an official spoken language in China, Taiwan, and Singapore. Cantonese is an official spoken language in Hong Kong and Macau.

Since the invention of the Chinese Pinyin tonal system has made learning Chinese a lot easier than it was previously. The importance of Chinese Pinyin is a crucial method when it comes to writing Chinese in a romanized alphabet. Hanyu pinyin spells the sound and includes tone marks to help give you the proper pronunciation. Knowledge of the written language opens up the culture of one of the world’s oldest civilizations.

Before China’s reform in the 1970s, China was an isolated country that didn’t accept any tourism. After 1970, China has become one of the leading tourist destinations. The Great Wall of China might be one of the most traveled to places on Earth but other wonders of China include the Forbidden City in Beijing, the Terracotta Army in the Qin Empire Emperor Mausoleum, the Yangtze River, and the Potala Palace. Even if you’re just a casual traveler, learning some Chinese to understand street signs, order food, or just communicating with people you meet on the street, a most pleasant and enjoyable experience.

Significance of Chinese Language for Pakistani Students

The Chinese language is becoming increasingly important for Pakistani students due to various reasons such as the growing economic ties between Pakistan and China, the increasing number of Chinese companies investing in Pakistan, and the Chinese government’s efforts to promote its language and culture around the world. Learning Chinese can provide Pakistani students with numerous benefits such as:

Friendship: Learning Chinese can help Pakistani students to build stronger relationships with the Chinese people and develop a deeper understanding of Chinese culture and monetary system.

Jobs: With the increasing presence of Chinese companies in Pakistan, knowing Chinese language can make Pakistani students more competitive in the job market. In addition, many Chinese companies operating in Pakistan prefer employees who can speak Chinese fluently.

Scholarships: The Chinese government offers a large number of scholarships to Pakistani students each year to study in China. These scholarships are primarily aimed at students who are interested in studying the Chinese language, culture, and other academic fields. Knowing Mandarin can increase the chances of Pakistani students obtaining these scholarships.

Economic Opportunities: China is the world’s second-largest economy and a major trading partner of Pakistan. Therefore, proficiency in the Chinese language can open up job opportunities for Pakistani students in various sectors such as trade, finance, and tourism.

Cultural Exchange: Learning Chinese will enable Pakistani students to better understand and appreciate the Chinese culture. This can lead to better cultural exchange, cooperation, and understanding between Pakistan and China.

Academic Opportunities: Chinese is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world, and China is home to some of the best universities in the world. Therefore, learning Chinese can provide opportunities for Pakistani students to study in China and pursue higher education in various fields.

International Relations: Pakistan and China have a close relationship, and knowing the Chinese language can help Pakistani students to communicate and engage with Chinese officials, businessmen, and tourists. This can further strengthen the bilateral relations between the two countries.

Future Prospects: China is rapidly growing as a global superpower, and proficiency in Chinese can provide a competitive edge for Pakistani students in the job market. As China continues to expand its influence, Pakistani students with Chinese language skills will be in high demand.

Institutions offering Chinese language in Pakistan:

Confucius Institutes: Confucius Institutes are educational institutions affiliated with the Chinese Ministry of Education that promote Chinese language and culture around the world.  Currently, there are five Confucius Institutes and two Confucius Classrooms across Pakistan, located in Islamabad, Faisalabad Lahore, Karachi, and Punjab.

 According to the Pakistani think-tank Pakistan-China Institute, between 26,000 and 30,000 students are studying the Chinese language at various levels in Pakistan. 

National University of Modern Languages (NUML): NUML is a public research university in Islamabad that offers courses in various languages, including Chinese.

Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU): AIOU is a public research university in Islamabad that offers a Chinese language course as part of its curriculum.

Punjab University: The Department of Chinese Language and Culture at Punjab University in Lahore offers courses in Chinese language and culture.

Islamabad Chinese Language Institute: The Islamabad Chinese Language Institute is a private language institute in Islamabad that offers Chinese language courses at various levels.

China Study Centers: The Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan has established six China Study Centers in different universities across the country, including the China Study Center at Karakoram International University in Gilgit-Baltistan. These centers aim to promote research, academic exchanges, and the learning of the Chinese language and culture in Pakistan. They also aim to enhance cooperation and understanding between Pakistan and China in various fields, including economics, trade, and politics. More than 300 students till the date have completed basic Chinese language under China Study Center Karakoram International University. It’s worth mentioning here that, the Karakoram International University has required students to learn one semester of Chinese language as part of their degree program. It appears that Chinese is the designated language for all departments to teach to their BS degree students. Learning a foreign language can be a valuable skill for students, as it can improve their cultural understanding and communication abilities in a globalized world.

Overall, learning Chinese can be beneficial for Pakistani students in terms of enhancing their personal, academic, and professional growth, and there are several institutions in Pakistan that offer Chinese language courses to facilitate this process.

Chinese is becoming one of the most important languages when it comes to operating an international business.

The Chinese market is the biggest growing market even in this economic downturn. Expertise in Chinese has grown increasingly important to the overall global economy and many business owners are looking to break into this international market. Any business in the twenty-first century will be trying to do business in China and in doing so will be required Chinese speakers to negotiate agreements and develop these trade deals. Economist predicts by 2020, China will without a doubt surpass the United States as the biggest international superpower.

The importance of Chinese is beneficial regardless if you do it for fun or for your career or even just for personal travel. When trying to uncover the importance of Chinese. One cannot discover a more fascinating and challenging language to learn.

All languages evolve with time and Chinese is no exception. To indisputably understand the importance of Chinese language you have to learn the actual language yourself to help you receive the full benefit of this amazing language later. In fact, the latest research has shown that learning a second language helps fight against Alzheimer’s disease and slows down the aging effects of the brain.

Talk about the Importance of language in action!

Why Learn Chinese – Ten Reasons to Learn Chinese

You probably already have your own reasons to learn Chinese but in case you don’t have one already or still looking for more reasons to get motivated to learn Chinese.

This article should help you answer the question “Why learn Chinese?”

1 – Mandarin Chinese is the Most Spoken Language in the World

One of the biggest reasons to learn Chinese should because Mandarin Chinese is spoken by roughly a quarter of the world’s population which is estimated to be around two billion Chinese-speakers. Not all of them live in mainland China, but in parts of Taiwan, Singapore, and throughout southeast Asia.

2 – Chinese Influence on International Cultures

Second, traditional Chinese culture, from Confucianism and Chan Buddhism to martial arts and Chinese cuisine, has an enormous influence on East and Southeast Asian nations. Chinese culture has also greatly inspired the western world through Marco Polo, G. W. Leibniz, Max Weber, Franz Kafka, Andre Malraux, Bertolt Brecht, Ezra Pound, and Luis Borges, among others.

3 – Traveling to China is Increasingly Foreigner Friendly

In the past, China wasn’t very accessible from outside visitors wanted to travel there. But travel to China recently as become a lot easier back and forth from.

4 – With Chinese Pinyin Learning Chinese is Easier

You don’t have to learn Chinese characters to learn how to speak Mandarin Chinese. Pinyin is a method of writing Chinese in the romanized alphabet. Hanyu pinyin spells the sound and includes tone marks to help give you the proper pronunciation.

5 – Fastest Growing Economy in the World

China is currently the fastest growing economy in the world and is already the biggest global market to break into. Any business in the twenty-first century will be trying to do business in China and in doing so will require Chinese speakers to negotiate agreements and trade deals.

6 – Reading Chinese Literature

The dialects are not mutually intelligible but the written language is shared between them all. Although you do not need to learn to read Chinese characters to speak the language, by doing so you open the door to an enormously diverse and rich literature. In fact, the earliest record of writing was in Chinese characters although very different in form from modern characters (of which there are many thousand).

7 – Growing Presence of Chinese Speakers all around the world

Communities of Chinese Speakers have been popping up outside Chinese in parts of the United States and Europe.

8 – Learn Chinese as a Hobby/Love of Learning Languages

Maybe you are just one of those people that just enjoy learning languages for the fun of it! Once you’ve mastered the urge to learn more becomes pretty strong. Contrary to popular opinion, not much confusion happens between languages.

9 – Rich Cultural History of Chinese on the World

Learning Chinese is immediately linked to learning Chinese culture. Learning becomes a more extraordinary and enjoyable experience. Chinese has a unique ideographic writing system, which provides visual comprehensibility.

The grammatical structure of Chinese is not only logical but also pragmatic, related to the particular way of Chinese thinking. Knowledge of the written language opens up the culture of one of the world’s oldest civilizations.

10 – There are Scholarship Opportunities for Chinese Studies

Because of the higher demand for people speaking Chinese, many of the world’s governments and agencies have been offering scholarships and other opportunities for individuals who are interested in Chinese studies and learning Chinese.

Mandarin Chinese is truly an amazing language to learn. I hope you find this article helpful in narrowing and strengthening your reasons to learn Chinese.

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KIU Launches Campus Management System with Local Challenge Fund Support for Al-Amyn School Gulmit, Gojal



Karakoram International University (KIU) has launched a Campus Management System for Al-Amyn School in Gulmit, Gojal with financial support from the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan and the World Bank through the Local Challenge Fund. The project aims to fully automate the teaching and learning activities of sixteen schools (eight private and eight government) in the region and train the staff, faculty, and students on the indigenously developed Campus Management system.

The launch event included a training session led by the Project’s Principal Investigator, Dr. Aftab Ahmed Khan, for the faculty, students, and administrative staff of Al-Amyn School. The School Campus Management System is a customized management system developed by the KIU team to automate teaching and learning activities, ensuring efficient and effective management of academic and administrative functions.

The community representatives of Gulmit, the Principal, and staff of Al-Amyn School appreciated the project activities and are happy to have a fully automated teaching and learning system in their school. The system will help in managing the academic progress of students, tracking attendance, managing assignments, and managing teacher-student communication.

During the training session, Dr. Aftab emphasized the importance of using contemporary technologies like AI-based systems in educational learning and teaching activities to equip the new generation with modern skills to compete in the global job market. The indigenously developed Campus Management System is not only a milestone for the schools in the region, but it is also a stepping stone in the integration of technology in education in Pakistan.

The Campus Management System project will help in achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG4), which focuses on ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting lifelong learning opportunities for all. The project will create a positive impact on the educational landscape of the region and pave the way for other schools to adopt the Campus Management System.

Similar training sessions will be held in other project schools in the near future, ensuring the successful implementation of the Campus Management System and providing support to schools in the region to make a positive impact on the educational system of Pakistan.

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